Factors affecting the development and calcification of milk teeth in the life of the baby in the womb, Factors affecting the eruption of teeth and tooth eruption in babies after birth,
Development-calcification and maintenance of permanent teeth,
Decays in the milk and permanent teeth of children and their treatment methods,
Methods of protecting children's oral and dental health,
The relationship between oral and dental findings and systemic diseases in pediatric patients,
Dental trauma and treatments,
Preventive medicine and dental treatments in mentally handicapped children,
It covers the necessary applications to prevent future problems that may arise due to early milk tooth loss.
ORAL AND DENTAL HEALTH RECOMMENDATIONS IN CHILDREN
Dentition periods in children can be examined to cover 3 different periods:
1) 0-6 years: Period of deciduous teeth:
Although the deciduous teeth can be variable, after 6 months on average, it often starts to erupt in the lower anterior region and is completed at the age of approximately 3, although it may change again. In this period, a total of 20 deciduous teeth (10 in the lower and 10 in the upper jaw) are placed symmetrically.
2) 6-12 years: Mixed dentition period:
It is the age range in which both milk molars and incisors are seen in the mouth at the same time. In time, the milk molars leave their places to the small molars and transition to the permanent dentition period.
3) 12 years and after: Continuous dentition period:
This period is the period when the milk teeth completely fall off and permanent teeth take their place in the mouth and balance and contacts between teeth occur.
Your child's first teeth are called milk teeth. These teeth are very important as they enable the child to chew and improve his speech. Milk teeth also serve to protect the places of permanent teeth that will come under them. Preserving the health of milk teeth prevents the need for orthodontic treatments in the future. Most importantly, a beautiful and healthy smile plays a role in the development of your child's self-esteem. Failure to treat problems in milk teeth can cause great problems.
A common problem in babies and young children is bottle tooth decay. These decays occur when sugars and sweets in milk, food, fruit juices touch teeth for a long time. The child who falls asleep with sugary liquids during sleep is at risk. Because during sleep, saliva increases and spreads sugar all over the mouth. Teeth are affected as a result of the decaying bacteria using this sugar and producing acid. Your child's teeth should be checked regularly and brown spots that are signs of caries should be followed up. Regular brushing should be started immediately after the first tooth erupts. However, it is best to wipe the mouth regularly with a gauze pad, even before the teeth are erupted. The simplest way to prevent baby bottle decay is to prevent the child from sleeping with a bottle and a pacifier soaked in dessert.
Finger sucking is generally a harmless habit in children under the age of 5, but if it continues after the age of 6 when the first permanent teeth erupt, it creates problems. Up to 8 years old, the jawbone is very soft and flexible. The pressure exerted by the finger during finger sucking affects the development of the sensitive jaw while pushing the front teeth forward, pulling the lower teeth back. If the child cannot give up this habit, you can set up a reward penalty system in the first place. You can reward the days when he does not suck his finger and punish him when he sucks If the problem cannot be solved in this way, contact your dentist. An appliance made by your dentist will stop this bad habit in a few days.