The word Diagnosis, which comes from the Greek, means defining the diseases caused by objective and subjective symptoms. Oral Diagnosis, on the other hand, is the process of making a diagnosis following the examination of the x-rays of the patient's mouth and a detailed oral examination. At this stage, the first goal is to determine the source of the patient's primary complaint. In addition, the current situation of the patient should be considered as a whole, and in this way, not only existing but also potential problem areas that are likely to cause problems in the future should be determined. In this way, early diagnosis of the problems and preventive and preventive treatments to be applied will prevent bigger problems in the future and make the treatment both simpler and more economical.
Panoramic radiographs are an extra-oral imaging technique that allows to examine all of the existing teeth in the mouth, impacted teeth, bone tissue surrounding the teeth, the entire jawbone, physiological and pathological cavities and joints in the mouth shadow at once and in the same image. It is especially used in general oral examination for control purposes, in simple surgical procedures such as impacted tooth extraction, resection, small cysts or a small number of implants. The imaging of all teeth at once provides the patient with less radiation compared to serial periapical extractions, and gives the physician the chance to make a general evaluation.
Digital Radiographs (RVG)
Negative radiology techniques used in the past years had many disadvantages such as the loss of time in the bath phase, the chemicals in the bath solution used and the harm of the lead contained in the x-ray film to the environment. In addition, films could be easily damaged in this technique.
In this way, the images of the taken x-ray can be seen on the computer screen instantly, while at the same time, desired color settings, enlargement-reduction processes and measurements can be made on these images. In this technique, the radiation rate to which the patient is exposed has also been significantly reduced. In addition, it is an important advantage that the images can be stored in the patient file on the computer or shared on the internet when necessary.
Computed Tomography (CT, CT)
It is a three-dimensional tomographic imaging technique used in cases where traditional intraoral and extraoral imaging techniques are inadequate, such as large cysts, tumors and cases where multiple implant applications are planned. Unlike other two-dimensional techniques, transverse sections can also be taken from the mouth area in this method, and thus the neighborhoods of teeth or pathological formations with the surrounding tissues can be examined in 3 planes.
Especially in cases where a large number of implants are to be applied, the bone thickness in the horizontal direction, the locations of the sinus cavities and the path of the vessels and nerves can be determined precisely.
Another advantage of this method is that it can be used in combination with the rapid prototyping method to prepare working models or guide plates belonging to the desired regions before surgery. In this way, the risk of surgical procedures is minimized.