Colorings of all colors in young people may be mostly brown, gray or black in adults. Protective methods may be preferred in the treatment of this type of discoloration. Abandoning habits, brushing teeth regularly, dentist's controlled removal of plaque and tartar, Ultrasonic cleaning devices can give very good results in treatment. In addition, removal of discolorations with the help of some methods (eg microabrasion system, abrasive discs) are alternative treatment options.
Causes of discoloration in teeth are varied.
A- External Coloration:
These are the discolorations that occur due to localized factors on the outer surface of the tooth. These types of coloration are very common and can be due to various factors:
Remains of a dental structure
Poor oral hygiene
Plaque and tartar accumulation
Bacteria and fungi
Smoking, tobacco, pipe use
Use of tea and coffee
B - Internal Colorings:
It is the coloration that occurs during the formation of teeth (odontogenesis) and the process after its formation (after odontogenesis).
Physiological (age-related) discolorations: As age progresses, dentin apposition in the tooth structure and the decrease in fluid exchange between calcified tooth tissues and tooth core affects the light transmittance of dentine and enamel in the tooth and causes the teeth to appear darker. Chemical staining: Staining of dental structures may occur as a result of direct contact with metals, oxidation or precipitation in blood and saliva. Color can range from gray to black with such changes.
Discolorations due to caries: It gives a rotten, white, opaque or gray appearance. Gray, brown or black discolorations are observed in the cavity due to the accumulation of nutrients and bacterial breakdown products. If the decay is cleaned and repaired, it will completely disappear.
Discoloration due to local reasons: Bleeding in the pulp chamber, breakdown of pulp tissue, drugs used in root canal treatment and substances used in repair, and some other unknown causes may be staining.