Since it is any part of the body, mouth and all its components, including teeth, the most common dental problems are subject to some very annoying illnesses or problems, but the good thing is in many ways the possibility of preventing the most common dental problems and the most important dental problems are:
Dental problems are most common in young and old people, decay starts as a small hole in the teeth and can be discovered suddenly by the dentist and grows if neglected because it does not cause any pain, and the cause of decay is plaque composed of sugar-fed bacteria as well as food and saliva residue, which turns it into acids. Here, the combination of these components begins with plaque adhering to the teeth immediately after eating and with the necrosis of the enamel layer. For this reason, teeth should be cleaned twice a day with fluoride-strengthened brushing and toothpaste, floss should be used to clean hard-to-reach places with dental floss, attention should be paid to a healthy diet and sugar reduction, and regular visits to the dentist are required to clear the problem with professional cleaning. To remove decay in teeth and then use appropriate fillings In advanced cases, crowns are used and sometimes the nerve is pulled to protect the remaining tooth.
Many people suffer from bad breath, one of the most common dental problems, as it affects 25% of people and causes a lot of embarrassment and anxiety, and most importantly, oral and dental hygiene, food residues and the bacteria and plaque that cause them, in addition to their it does not worry about it falling apart. In addition: inflammation of the gums causes bad breath. Smoking and the malodorous substances it contains, as well as the things that cause diseases in the gums. Those who will eat foods such as garlic and onions can also cause bad breath.
In order to get rid of this problem, keep the habits of oral hygiene and use sterile mouthwash, avoid previous reasons, see a doctor for the treatment of gum infections, if any, and need to clean the teeth with special equipment, and pay attention to prosthesis cleaning as an extra for prosthesis users.
Increase in tooth sales
The person normally has 20 deciduous teeth, and as they age, these teeth begin to fall out and begin to replace 32 permanent teeth in a process that lasts until the age of 21, but there are people who have a special condition, have more than 20 teeth when they are young, or their teeth are constantly growing.
It cannot be considered one of the most common dental problems as they had more than 20 teeth when they were young, or when their permanent teeth were more than 32 or when they grew, this increase in the number of teeth only occurs by 1-4% and excess teeth appear in any area of the upper or lower jaw. . The reason for this is not yet clear and that genes are responsible for this formation and that it is one of the causes of excessive activity of dental plaque during the development of teeth, and the sooner the condition is discovered, the better the treatment is to remove excess teeth so that more teeth do not come out.
Some people may have sensitivity of the teeth to hot and cold things and even things that suddenly taste sweet, intermittent pain in the teeth, especially when biting and chewing food, swelling of the gums around the area of pain. With no symptoms to be noted, teeth can crack when you eat something hot and then eat something cold, and suddenly as a result of the temperature change. Also, teeth may break due to the following reasons:
Biting food hard.
Exposure to an external impact or injury.
Excessive tension and pressure on teeth.
A large old filling weakens and cracks the remaining tooth.
The chance of infection increases at the age of forty, and the cracks differ according to the location, length and depth of the injury, some are small and superficial, some extend to the gum line, and there is also a type that divides the tooth into two. It is always easy for the doctor to detect the crack if certain tools are used, and then cover the original tooth with a dressing, as well as glue the broken part, using bonding materials and fillings on a case-by-case basis. If the tooth is worn out, the doctor will remove that tooth.
The gums cover the jawbone where teeth are placed and, like other tissues, the gums are affected by many problems affecting the mouth and causing the most common dental problems. Gingivitis, which is the first stage of gum problems, occurs as a result of bacteria, plaque and swelling of the gums. At this stage, when the gums are neglected and untreated, inflammation increases and becomes a disease in the gums, and in this case, pockets form between the gums and the bone and the food residues are collected and inflamed and the plaque extends under the gums and the gums are pulled and the teeth are exposed, and the person will suffer from bad breath. and it suffers from bad taste. Over time, the teeth loosen and lose their firmness and may fall, and then gum diseases occur for the following reasons.
Besides pregnancy, hormonal changes during puberty and menstrual periods increase the sensitivity of the gums.
Certain diseases such as diabetes, cancer, and AIDS.
Some medicines that dry out saliva that protects gums and teeth.
Family history of gum disease.
Smoking and indifference to oral and dental hygiene.
In this case, this should not be tolerated, it is necessary to see a doctor immediately to start treatment to prevent the symptoms from worsening and to restore the gums to their strength to bind and fix the teeth, and the most important treatment steps are good cleaning of the mouth, dental floss and sterile mouthwash in addition to the following:
Eating a healthy diet rich in antioxidants and vitamins E and C.
To reduce tension and stress.
Avoid straining and clenching the teeth too much.
En sık karşılaşılan diş problemlerinden bahsederken çarpık dişler bunlardan biri olmalı, çocuklarda ve yetişkinlerde, dişlerin çarpık olduğu ve yerinden saptığı ve Anormal dizilişi meydana gelir ve bu hem sütlü hem de kalıcı dişlerde meydana gelebilir. Bunda emzik, biberon ya da başparmağı emen bebek ve genetik faktörler rol oynar. süt dişlerinin gelişen sorunlar kalıcı dişlerin aynı olacağı anlamına gelmediği unutulmamalıdır, tıpkı çocukların dişlerinin çürüme veya ağza darbe nedeniyle erken düşmesi gibi kalıcı dişler de ortaya çıkabilir. Aynı zamanda bunu etkileyen başka faktörler de var:
Dişleri kontrol etmek için doktora gitmeyi ihmal etmek ve temizlememek çürük ve diş eti enfeksiyonları gibi birçok soruna yol açar.
Çene boyutu, çene küçüldükçe çapraşıklık ve dişlerin bükülme şansı artar.
Maloklüzyon problemleri, yani üst dişlerin alt dişlere tam olarak oturmaması ve üst dişler alttan dışa doğru veya alt dişler yukarıdan ilerler.
Çocuklarda yetersiz beslenme, dişlerin bükülme ve çarpık olma olasılığını artırır
Çarpık dişler, bireyin kendine olan güveni ve başkalarıyla iletişimi azalttığı için bu sorundan muzdarip olanları olumsuz etkilediği gibi, konuşma ve konuşma sorunlarının yanı sıra yemek yeme ve çiğnemede sorunlara, çürük ve diş eti enfeksiyonlarının artmasına neden olabilmekte ve bu sorunun çözümü diş hekimi tarafından ortodonti yerleştirilmesidir.
Feeling toothache when consuming something cold or hot, even touching the teeth with cold air, and in some cases as a result of sugary or acidic drinks. This is the pain of tenderness in the teeth and is one of the most common dental problems between the ages of 25-30 and occurs as a result of a weak layer. The appearance of the enamel and dentin layer, the recession of the gums and the exposure of the roots, the dental nerve that causes pain and tooth sensitivity occur as a result of:
Hard brushing of the teeth.
Gum disease and congestion.
Cracked and broken teeth.
Tension and pressure on teeth that weaken enamel.
Teeth whitening products and some mouthwashes containing acid.
By using a soft bristle brush, a special toothpaste for sensitive teeth and a toothpaste fortified with fluoride to strengthen the enamel, the sensitivity of the teeth is reduced by maintaining the cleanliness and health of the mouth and teeth, and it is necessary to avoid eating acidic foods and avoid frequent pressure and stress on the teeth.
Enamel is covered with the hardest protective layer in the human body. Continuous exposure to acids weakens enamel, causes teeth to wear out, and is responsible for some of the most common dental problems. The first symptoms begin as follows: A change in the color of the teeth. The more erosion is, the greater the yellowing due to the color of the dentin layer, and this is completely different from the yellowing caused by smoking and not cleaning the teeth. Sensitivity in teeth due to weakening of enamel and depletion of dentine. The ends of the teeth become flat and round due to wear. Due to the thinning of enamel, the edges of the teeth, especially the front parts, become transparent. And as tooth erosion progresses, the sensitivity of the teeth increases, in addition to the appearance of caries in the areas where food is bitten, the sensitivity of the teeth increases and dental problems increase, and in fact, it is not possible to treat tooth erosion, so it is not possible to treat tooth erosion, so it is necessary to prevent its occurrence, and in case of an injury, a doctor should be consulted to cover the teeth with a layer. It is a resinous substance and in advanced cases can resort to coatings and dressings to protect it.
There are many reasons for toothache formation, and many of the most common dental problems lead to toothache, and decay is the first of these because bacteria and plaque work on tooth decay and cavity formation, and toothache occurs due to:
Sinus infections can cause toothache.
The sudden breaking of a tooth or its root.
Trauma or blow to the teeth.
Strongly pulling the teeth.
The emergence of new teeth, such as wisdom teeth, especially if they do not have enough space.
Accumulation of food residues in the spaces between teeth, if any.
Pain can be relieved by thoroughly brushing the teeth and flossing, rinsing with warm water and taking analgesic medications, but in case of external impact, ice and cold compresses are applied to the cheek, and there are some soothing medications that contain benzocaine in gel form and anesthetic. Since it is a health problem, the person should consult a doctor before using it and not skip the recommended dose, and it is also preferred not to use teething gel for children because it contains this substance. When the pain persists, swelling of the gums and an unpleasant discharge can occur, as well as high temperature and breathing disorders. In this case, see a doctor immediately.
As with other cancers, oral cancer is the occurrence of a tumor in part of the mouth, tongue surface or roof of the mouth, such as the lips and gums, as well as the inner wall of the cheek, and tumors can affect the salivary glands, tonsils and pharynx, and some symptoms of oral cancer may occur as follows and 3 If it does not improve within weeks, a doctor should be consulted:
Unexplained swaying of teeth and failure to heal caries after tooth extraction.
Lumps that appear suddenly but do not disappear on the tongue and neck.
Many painful mouth sores that do not heal.
An awkward feeling or numbness in the tongue and lips.
White or red areas visible on the inner surface of the mouth.
Changes and stuttering during conversation.
It can be said that oral cancer is one of the most common dental problems especially in smokers, alcohol users and people with HPV, and men suffer more than women, and there are different types of oral cancer according to the cell type affected, the most common being squamous cell carcinoma. The importance of oral cancer treatment lies in maintaining important oral functions in eating, breathing, and speaking. Treatment is usually done using more than one method to ensure that cancer cells do not return, and the treatment is as follows:
Surgery to remove some of the tumor and surrounding tissue.
Radiation therapy directed directly to cancer cells.
For prevention, positive results can be obtained by following a healthy diet, avoiding infection, avoiding smoking and alcohol use, and not neglecting to go to the doctor from time to time.